Budapest is the capital and the largest city of Hungary, and one of the largest cities in the European Union. It is the country’s principal political, cultural, commercial, industrial, and transportation centre, sometimes described as the primate city of Hungary.
The history of Budapest began with Aquincum, originally a Celtic settlement that became the Roman capital of Lower Pannonia.
Hungarians arrived in the territory in the 9th century. Their first settlement was pillaged by the Mongols in 1241–42.The re-established town became one of the centres of Renaissance humanist culture by the 15th century.
Following the Battle of Mohács and nearly 150 years of Ottoman rule,the region entered a new age of prosperity in the 18th and 19th centuries, and Budapest became a global city after its unification in 1873. It also became the second capital of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
The city attracts about 4.8 million tourists in year 2012, making it the 27th most popular city in the world, and the 7th in Europe, according to Euromonitor.
Budapest’s extensive World Heritage Site includes the banks of the Danube, the Buda Castle Quarter, Andrássy Avenue, Heroes’ Square and the Millennium Underground Railway, the second-oldest metro line in the world.
Other attractions are the bridges of the capital and the medical baths, as the city is also home to the largest medicinal bath in Europe. It has around 80 geothermal springs,the world’s largest thermal water cave system, second largest synagogue (at Dohány str), and third largest Parliament building.
Considered a financial hub in Central Europe, the city ranked Top100 GDP performing cities in the world and “Europe’s 7th most idyllic place to live" by Forbes.
It is also ranked as “the world’s second best city" by Condé Nast Traveler and ranked the Top 10 favorite shopping city in Europe, according to the survey run by Economist.